Paul Lachine

Los peligros de la estrategia palestina

TEL AVIV - A estas alturas, todos deberían dar por entendido que las conversaciones entre el presidente palestino Mahmoud Abbas y el primer ministro israelí Benjamín Netanyahu no pueden producir un acuerdo de paz. Sin embargo, sería erróneo insistir demasiado en las debilidades de los actuales dirigentes, ya que hacerlo supone que con líderes diferentes se podría alcanzar un acuerdo entre israelíes y palestinos a través de negociaciones bilaterales.

Por desgracia, como una reciente filtración de documentos oficiales palestinos demuestra, este no es el caso. La situación es típica de los disonantes ritmos históricos de Oriente Medio. En el pasado, las ofertas de Israel fueron rechazadas por los palestinos; ahora parece que Israel rechazó posiciones palestinas particularmente flexibles. Por supuesto, las personalidades son importantes en la historia, pero el proceso de paz entre israelíes y palestinos ha sido un rehén por décadas de las impersonales fuerzas de la historia.

En efecto, el que no se llegara a un acuerdo en el pasado no fue resultado de la mala fe o una inadecuada capacidad de negociación. Por el contrario, derivó de la incapacidad inherente de cada una de partes de reconciliarse con los requisitos fundamentales que la otra tenía para arribar a una solución. Dejados a nuestra propia suerte, nos hemos mostrado trágicamente incapaces de romper el código genético de nuestra disputa.

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