Ozonová mafie

Když byl nyní ratifikován Kjótský protokol, k němuž se opožděně přihlásilo dokonce i Rusko, vynořuje se hrozba vůči dřívějšímu milníku mezinárodní ochrany životního prostředí – Vídeňské konvenci a Montrealskému protokolu na ochranu ozonové vrstvy ve stratosféře. Tato hrozba přitom pramení z neobvyklého zdroje: z organizovaného zločinu.

Důvod je prostý. V zájmu ochrany stratosférické ozonové vrstvy byly přijaty mezinárodní úmluvy, které zakazují používání a obchod s chemickými látkami zvanými chlorované a fluorované uhlovodíky neboli freony (CFC), jež ozonovou vrstvu ničí. Kvůli nahrazení těchto chemikálií neškodnějšími musí být přístroje, v nichž se používají – jako jsou mrazničky, ledničky nebo zařízení na výrobu pěnových plastů –, vyměněny za nové.

Používat navzdory zákazu dál stará zařízení a v případě potřeby do nich opět doplňovat freony je však mnohem levnější než kupovat nové přístroje a využívat ekologicky šetrnější, ale nákladnější alternativy. A tak vznikl jako u každého zákazu trh – a s ním i obchodní příležitost pro dobře organizované a ekologicky bezohledné zločince.

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