Другая Центральная Европа

Нездоровые веяния охватывают страны Центральной Европы по мере того, как они готовятся к вступлению в ЕС. Эта многообещающая перспектива подвергается серьезной опасности в лице лихорадочного предвыборного национализма, сторонники которого стремятся заполучить голоса избирателей обещаниями разбередить старые раны и свести старые счеты.

Самым ярким примером в данном случае является Венгрия, где, во время своей едва не потерпевшей крах кампании по переизбранию на занимаемый пост, премьер - министр Виктор Орбан потребовал отмены указов президента Чехословакии Эдварда Бенеша от 1945 года (на основании которых немецкое и венгерское население было депортировано из Чехословакии, лишено имущества и гражданства). Однако Орбан не единственный политик, усмотревший предвыборные возможности в воскрешении призраков прошлого в памяти людей.

Согласно заявлению Орбана, аннулирование «указов Бенеша» должно стать условием вступления Республики Чехия (а также Словакии) в Европейское Сообщество. Напряженность и недоброжелательство, вызванные этими требованиями, привели к приостановке процесса сотрудничества, сформировавшегося в регионе за последние десять лет. На месте сотрудничества сегодня возникает новая, безобразная форма национального популизма, распространяющегося на территорию от Баварии до Дуная.

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