O primeiro mandato da doutrina Obama

ASPEN - As sondagens de opinião pública nos Estados Unidos indicam uma eleição presidencial renhida em Novembro. Enquanto o presidente Barack Obama está à frente do adversário republicano, Mitt Romney, na política externa, o crescimento económico lento e o desemprego elevado - questões que são muito mais pertinentes nas eleições norte-americanas - favorecem Romney. E, mesmo na política externa, os críticos de Obama queixam-se que ele não conseguiu implementar as iniciativas transformacionais que prometeu há quatro anos. Têm razão?

Obama chegou ao poder quando os EUA e a economia mundial estavam no meio da pior crise financeira desde a Grande Depressão. De facto, alguns dos conselheiros económicos de Obama avisaram-no que, caso não fossem tomadas medidas urgentes para estimular a economia, havia a probabilidade, de uma em três, de entrarem numa depressão em larga escala.

Deste modo, embora Obama tenha também herdado duas guerras em curso, as ameaças de proliferação nuclear do Irão e da Coreia do Norte e o problema contínuo do terrorismo da Al-Qaeda, os seus primeiros meses no cargo foram dedicados a tratar da crise económica no país e no exterior. Os seus esforços não foram um completo sucesso, mas ele conseguiu evitar o pior desfecho.

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