Загадка Северной Кореи

КЕМБРИДЖ. Что происходит в Северной Корее? 23 ноября ее армия выпустила около 200 артиллерийских снарядов на южнокорейский остров Йонпхендо, около спорной морской границы двух стран, убив четырех человек ‑ в том числе двух гражданских лиц ‑ и разрушив множество домов и других строений. Присутствие гражданских лиц, многих из которых пришлось эвакуировать, сделали нападение Северной Кореи еще более провокационным, чем потопление в марте южнокорейского военного корабля «Чхонан», в результате чего погибли 46 моряков.

И, всего за несколько недель до обстрела Йонпхендо, Северная Корея показала одной из делегаций американских ученых новый и ранее неизвестный завод по обогащению урана, который позволит увеличить возможности режима по созданию ядерного оружия.

Программа разработки ядерного оружия Северной Кореи была предметом озабоченности на протяжении двадцати лет. Пхеньян нарушил свои обязательства по ДНЯО, в тайне переработав достаточное количество плутония для производства двух ядерных бомб в начале 1990-х годов. После того как Северная Корея вышла из сдерживающих соглашений, согласованных администрацией Клинтона в 1994 году, она выдворила инспекторов МАГАТЭ и начала переработку отработанного ядерного топлива, которое могло бы стать материалом для производства еще шести бомб из плутония.

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