诺贝尔奖的启示

阿尔·戈尔被授予诺贝尔奖是对大胆、有技巧、有先见之明的世界领袖就人为的气候变化危险向全世界发出警报的恰当的奖赏。与戈尔一同获得诺贝尔和平奖的组织没戈尔有名气,但做出的贡献却一点不比他小。政府间气候变化小组(IPCC)是联合国评估气候变化科学知识和向公众和世界决策者进行宣传的全球机构。它被授予诺贝尔和平奖有力地说明了三个问题。

首先,世界领先的气候专家和多数国家政府已经把气候科学推上了全球政策辩论的前沿。气候变化是个复杂的问题。了解这一主题需要具备很多领域的科学知识,包括气候学、海洋学、大气化学、生态学、工程学、政治学和经济学。没有哪个科学家或者国家团队能够单独完成这项任务。理解世界各地所发生的变化需要世界各国共同的努力。

从1988年成立以来,政府间气候变化小组已经网罗了世界各地最棒的科学头脑,来记录和解释人类引发的气候变化中所有已知和未知的现象。若干工作小组通过仔细审核科学刊物来起草报告。审核过程公开透明,并邀请政府派专家参与不同小组的工作,共同审查评论政府间气候变化小组的报告草案,并对该小组报告进行最后的批准。

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