汇率单边主义——奥巴马重蹈尼克松覆辙?

佛罗伦萨——理查德·尼克松死了15年,最近却好像在美国借尸还魂了。这位美国第37任总统认为,要调整国际货币关系,光靠磋商搞不定;激进的单边行动是必要的。如今,美国的政客们正向财政部不断加压,逼它学习尼克松的坏榜样,最晚于415日裁定中国为汇率操纵国。

130名国会议员联署信件,要求对中国采取行动。大力鼓动这场“战役”的是美国顶尖经济学家和贸易专家、诺贝尔经济学奖得主保罗·克鲁格曼。

以今天的眼光来看,尼克松时代的问题似乎挺好对付,甚至显得微不足道。当时,全世界的货币储备分布略显不均:到1971年底,德国拥有价值172亿美元的储备,日本141亿美元,分别占世界总量的14%11.5%。而在2008年(我们掌握数据的最近一年),日本拥有全球储备的23.4%,中国则拥有44.8%。今日的数字高得多了。

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