新布雷顿森林体系

纽约——全世界正在陷入四分之一个世纪以来、也许是经济大萧条以来情况最严重的一次全球经济放缓。从不止一个方面来讲,这场危机都纯属“美国制造”。

美国以资产担保债券的形式,把有毒的抵押贷款出口到了世界各国。美国还输出所谓取消监管的自由市场理念、就连阿兰·格林斯潘这个泰斗级鼓吹者现在也不得不承认这是个错误。美国出口了不负责任的企业文化——不透明的股票期权,滋生出糟糕的会计制度,就像几年前在安然和世界通信公司丑闻中人们所看到的那样,成为导致这次崩溃的一个因素。最后,美国又将经济低迷出口到了全世界。

布什政府终于回过头来做所有经济学家敦促它做的事:为银行补充更多资本金。可是和每次一样,细节的好坏决定成败,而美国财政部长亨利·保尔森可能已经成功地推翻了这样一个正确理念,他似乎已经找到了办法,能在补充银行资本金的同时不恢复银行信贷,这对经济可不是什么好的预兆。

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