希望的度量

西雅图—过去十五年来,世界最穷人群的生活的改善比以往任何时候都要快,但我乐观地认为,未来十五年会变得更好。毕竟,人类知识在进步。这具体表现在HIV药物等药品的研发和成本下降,以及让贫穷农民收获更多产量的新种子的创造上。一旦这样的新工具被发明出来,就不会倒退回去——只可能进步,不可能退步。

悲观派指出,我们将面临难以把新工具交给需要它们的人的局面。这便是政府和慈善机构表现衡量标准创新的用武之地。这一过程——设置明确的目标,采取正确的方法,然后度量结果以持续地获得反馈和改进方法——有助于我们将工具和服务交到能从中获益的群体手上。

减少传递瓶颈的创新十分关键。自很久以前蒸汽机发明以来,进步便不再“注定是罕见且不稳定的”。事实上,我们可以让进步变得稀松平常。

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