Новый трансатлантический тупик

ВАШИНГТОН, ОКРУГ КОЛУМБИЯ – Последний тур сенатора Барака Обамы по Европе позволяет предположить, что Европа хочет видеть иллинойского сенатора следующим президентом США. Однако европейцам не следует ожидать слишком многого. В то время как, вероятно, Обама снова придаст любезность и вежливость трансатлантическому сотрудничеству, источники разногласий имеют более глубокие корни. Геополитические интересы Европы и Америки стали расходиться, и, скорее всего, эта тенденция будет продолжаться вне зависимости от того, кто будет президентом.

Чтобы остановить это нарастающее напряжение необходимо, чтобы по обе стороны атлантического океана произошли значительные изменения в мировоззрении и политике. США придется перестать определять свои трансатлантические интересы с точки зрения своей гегемонии, а Европе придется взять более полную ответственность за свой собственный регион.

Называя интересы «геополитическими», подразумевается, что географическое положение влияет на формирование этих интересов. Как это некогда выразили Шарль де Голь и Уинстон Черчилль: «Когда уже все сказано и сделано, Великобритания остается островом, Франция – выступом одного из континентов; Америка – другим миром». Оба понимали, что Ла-Манш на протяжении веков был труднопреодолимым геополитическим барьером в продолжительном разделе интересов между Великобританией и Францией. Если таким барьером был Ла-Манш, то крепкие связи через атлантический океан выглядят невозможными.

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