Новый порядок на Ближнем Востоке

Где-то в этом месяце президент Буш объявит – с неохотой, надо сказать – о новой политике США в Ираке. Новая политика требуется не только для того, чтобы предотвратить сползание Америки к политической импотенции, в то время как она пытается предотвратить полномасштабную гражданскую войну в Ираке, но еще и по той причине, что расстановка сил на Ближнем Востоке резко изменилась.

Эта расстановка на протяжении последних 60 лет менялась постоянно, и за это время между основными игроками – Египтом, Ираком, Саудовской Аравией, Сирией, Израилем и Ираном – возникали и распадались союзы. Теперь же появляется нечто вроде водораздела, и если Буш наконец начнет понимать динамику региона, у него, возможно, появятся какие-то шансы выработать политику, имеющую шанс на успех.

Характерным для этой перегруппировки сил в регионе является возникновение фактического союза, о котором не осмеливаются говорить вслух. Израиль и Саудовская Аравия, которым, казалось бы, меньше всего суждено быть союзниками, объединились для сдерживания общего врага – Ирана, наращивающего свое влияние в Ираке, Ливане и Палестине. Иран не только угрожает Израилю (и региону) своими ядерными амбициями и своими верноподданными шиитскими боевиками; он также стремится узурпировать роль защитника палестинцев, традиционно принадлежавшую умеренным суннитским арабским режимам.

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