全新的IMF

华盛顿——当世界各国的部长们在本月的春季再次聚会的时候,他们将发现IMF将重获信心。伦敦的20国峰会给了IMF更多的权力,将其可支配资金增加了3倍。低收入的国家将会获得更多有条件的贷款。IMF还将获得2500亿美元的特别提款权,对于那些备受金融危机之害的新兴国家和发展中国家而言,这将是个振奋人心的消息。

IMF在帮助它的成员国对抗金融危机方面有着更为有利的条件。20国峰会给了IMF更多的资金和政策。对于那些经济表现良好的国家而言,最新引进了一种无条件贷款。墨西哥和波兰将是第一批的受益者,还有更多的国家正在等待批准。这种灵活的借贷方式的出现预示着一个全新的IMF。过去那种附加条件重重的贷款方式一去不再复返。

作为金融危机的防范者,IMF的作用尤其重要。IMF应该是对国际金融系统的稳定起着重要的作用。IMF就是为了防范这类风险而建立的,但对于此次金融危机的发生,它显然没有发挥应有的作用。虽然IMF事先已经提出警告,但各国的决策者,特别是发达国家的决策者并没有加以重视。

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