Paul Lachine

La nueva gramática del poder

MADRID – Las principales preocupaciones de la humanidad hoy no son tanto males concretos como amenazas indeterminadas. No estamos preocupados por peligros visibles, sino por peligros vagos que podrían golpear en el momento menos esperado -y contra los cuales no estamos suficientemente protegidos.

Por supuesto, existen peligros identificables específicos, pero lo que más nos preocupa sobre el terrorismo, por ejemplo, es su naturaleza impredecible. Lo que nos resulta más perturbador sobre la economía estos días es su volatilidad -en otras palabras, la incapacidad de nuestras instituciones para protegernos de la incertidumbre financiera extrema.

En general, gran parte de nuestra intranquilidad refleja nuestra exposición a amenazas que sólo podemos controlar en parte. Nuestros ancestros vivían en un entorno más peligroso pero menos riesgoso. Soportaban un grado de pobreza que sería intolerable para quienes hoy viven en países avanzados, mientras que nosotros estamos expuestos a riesgos cuya naturaleza, aunque a nosotros nos resulte difícil de entender, para ellos sería literalmente inconcebible.

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