Los nuevos cosmopolitas

A medida que avanza la globalización con la ayuda de comunicaciones y viajes cada vez más rápidos y corporaciones multinacionales más poderosas, parece estar surgiendo una nueva clase social cosmopolita . Estos ciudadanos del mundo están desarrollando lealtades recíprocas que van más allá de los límites nacionales.

La otra noche estaba cenando con los Yale World Fellows, un selecto grupo de profesionales que representan a cada uno de los principales países del mundo y que pasan un semestre aquí. Fue una experiencia inusual, porque comencé a sentir que ninguna de estas personas me resultaba extranjera. Me parecía que era más fácil hablar con ellos que con los estadounidenses locales que nos atendían y nos servían la cena.

Por supuesto, una clase cosmopolita no tiene nada de nuevo. De hecho, hace 50 años, en su libro clásico Teoría y estructura social, el sociólogo Robert K. Merton, ya en su periodo de madurez académica, describió los resultados de un estudio de caso sobre personas influyentes en un pueblo estadounidense típico, Rovere, en Nueva Jersey. Como sociólogo, escogió esta pequeña localidad para estudiar cómo se relacionan e influyen las personas entre si, del mismo modo como los biólogos estudian minúsculos gusanos compuestos por apenas unos cuantos cientos de células, con el fin de estudiar cómo se relaciona cada célula con un organismo como un todo.

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