Paul Lachine

日益兴起的有关保护主义的迷思

剑桥——
在金融危机盛行期一直没有这方面的警示——保护主义。尽管有各种各样的论调和警告出现,但各国政府实际上都没有对进口施加什么限制措施。当前的世界还和危机发生之前一样的开放。

保护主义一般出现在经济出问题之时。随着经济下滑和失业率不断升高,受到国内利益团体的压力,政府一般会更加关注国内事务,而不是坚持在国际上的相关承诺。

正如凯恩斯所言,贸易限制措施在经济萧条期可以保护,甚至提供工作机会。但是,这种在特殊情况下做出的限制对单个国家可能有好处,对于世界经济来说是有害的。当所有人都开始实行贸易壁垒时,贸易就会崩溃,这样就没有人能获利。最好的例子就是1930年代大萧条期间,由于无所约束的贸易政策加深了经济形势的恶化。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/RrLCYxG/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.