Paul Lachine

日益兴起的有关保护主义的迷思

剑桥——
在金融危机盛行期一直没有这方面的警示——保护主义。尽管有各种各样的论调和警告出现,但各国政府实际上都没有对进口施加什么限制措施。当前的世界还和危机发生之前一样的开放。

保护主义一般出现在经济出问题之时。随着经济下滑和失业率不断升高,受到国内利益团体的压力,政府一般会更加关注国内事务,而不是坚持在国际上的相关承诺。

正如凯恩斯所言,贸易限制措施在经济萧条期可以保护,甚至提供工作机会。但是,这种在特殊情况下做出的限制对单个国家可能有好处,对于世界经济来说是有害的。当所有人都开始实行贸易壁垒时,贸易就会崩溃,这样就没有人能获利。最好的例子就是1930年代大萧条期间,由于无所约束的贸易政策加深了经济形势的恶化。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To access our archive, please log in or register now and read two articles from our archive every month for free. For unlimited access to our archive, as well as to the unrivaled analysis of PS On Point, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/RrLCYxG/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.