The Myth of "Eurabia"

LONDRES – Hoy en día existe una poderosa narrativa sobre cuántos jóvenes musulmanes europeos son susceptibles al terrorismo, sobre cómo el Islam conduce a la radicalización y sobre cómo los musulmanes, por su credo, eligen vivir en ghettos y, por lo tanto, crean condiciones propicias para que surjan terroristas. La forma más extrema de esta narrativa es la idea de ampquot;Eurabiaampquot;, un término incendiario que supuestamente describe un fenómeno por el cual hordas musulmanas hoy están contaminando el mismísimo ADN de Europa.

En esta narrativa, lo que más resuena es el miedo al terrorismo de cosecha propia, así como el ímpetu por tratar a los musulmanes como un enemigo externo y también la idea de que adecuarse a las diferencias religiosas es peligroso. Se crea una falsa dicotomía en la que los musulmanes deben elegir entre una identidad occidental y europea o una identidad islámica supuestamente separada.

Pero la relación entre la fe de los musulmanes europeos y la identificación con las naciones europeas rara vez se adecua al estereotipo de ampquot;Eurabiaampquot;. Un estudio global de amplio alcance realizado por Gallup y que culminó en el libro Who Speaks for Islam: What a Billion Muslims Really Think (Quién habla por el Islam: Qué piensan realmente mil millones de musulmanes) , de John L. Esposito y Dalia Mogahed, incluye un análisis pormenorizado y sofisticado de las actitudes de los musulmanes europeos. Los resultados sugieren que las identidades religiosas y nacionales son conceptos complementarios, no opuestos.

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