Mýtus „Eurábie“

LONDÝN – Působivá legenda dnes praví, že mnoho mladých evropských muslimů snadno podléhá terorismu, že islám vede k radikalizaci a že muslimové kvůli svému vyznání volí život v ghettech a vytvářejí tak močály, v nichž se líhnou teroristé. Nejkrajnější podobou této legendy je představa „Eurábie“, což je dráždivý termín, údajně označující fenomén, jímž muslimské hordy v současnosti znečišťují samotnou evropskou DNA.

Z této legendy zaznívá především strach z domácího terorismu, stejně jako pobídka, aby se k muslimům přistupovalo jako k cizím nepřátelům. Ozývá se v ní rovněž představa, že vyjít vstříc náboženským odlišnostem je nebezpečné. Vzniká falešná dichotomie, z níž jsou muslimové nuceni vybrat si buď západní a evropskou identitu, anebo údajně odlišnou identitu islámskou.

Vazba mezi vírou a ztotožněním se s evropskými státy však u evropských muslimů zřídka odpovídá stereotypu „Eurábie“. Rozsáhlá celosvětová studie Gallupova ústavu, která vyvrcholila knihou Who Speaks for Islam (Kdo hovoří za islám) s podtitulem Co si skutečně myslí miliarda muslimů, již napsali John L. Esposito a Dalia Mogahedová, obsahuje podrobnou a propracovanou analýzu postojů evropských muslimů. Výsledky naznačují, že náboženská a národnostní identita si nekonkurují, ale spíše se doplňují.

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