Моральный аспект смертной казни

США часто критикуют за отказ отменить смертную казнь. Многие сегодня утверждают, что отмена смертной казни является непременным условием цивилизованной системы уголовного права. Лауреат Нобелевской премии Гари Беккер не согласен с этой точкой зрения.

Правительства европейских стран категорически против смертной казни – она запрещена Европейским Союзом, а некоторые европейцы считают существование смертной казни в Соединенных Штатах варварством. Действительно, многие европейские интеллектуалы утверждают, но не только смертная казнь, но и вообще любое наказание не удерживает от совершения преступлений.

Но, тогда как европейские страны, уровень преступности в которых в последние полвека был значительно ниже уровня преступности в Америке, могли на протяжении долгого времени позволить себе сравнительно «мягкое» отношение к большинству преступлений, уровень преступности в этих странах резко возрос за последние двадцать лет. И, наоборот, уровень преступности в Америке понизился, частично благодаря более широкому использованию различных мер наказания.

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