死刑的道德观

美国由于拒绝废除死刑而经常遭病诟。许多人宣称废除死刑是文明刑法制度的先决条件。诺贝尔奖得主贝克则持有异议。

欧洲各国政府坚决反对死刑,欧盟则予以明文禁止,某些欧洲人认为美国使用死刑是野蛮的。实际上,欧洲的知识分子们认为不仅仅是死刑,甚至连通常意义的处罚都并不震慑罪犯。

过去半个世纪中,欧洲国家的犯罪率大大低于美国。然而,在过去二十年中,其犯罪率大幅上升,因此再也无法对大多数犯罪姑息迁就。与此相比,美国的犯罪率下降,部分是由于加大使用了处罚。

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