Мнение правых

Вместе с впечатляющим успехом Жан-Мари Ле Пена на президентских выборах во Франции проявились не только симптомы серьезного заболевания в традиционной французской политике, но и более глубокий кризис, на пороге которого стоит традиционное в Европе демократическое движение консерваторов, которым приходится противостоять поднимающим головы ксенофобическим политическим организациям в Нидерландах, Дании, Австрии, Бельгии и Германии. Юрген Рюттгерс - лидер консерваторов Германии - предлагает свою оценку.

Кризис консерватизма наблюдается во всей Европе. Политические партии, называющие себя консервативными и воспринимаемые избирателями как консервативные, продолжают одерживать победы на выборах и брать власть в свои руки. Однако, что представляет собой демократический консерватизм как мировоззрение, как концептуальная основа и как определенный тип поведения (в период пребывания у власти или же в положении политической оппозиции) объяснить становится все сложнее и сложнее. Действительно, едва ли кто-нибудь сегодня может предложить удовлетворительное определение того, что означает быть консерватором.

Часть проблемы - по крайней мере, там, где дело касается выборов - заключается в том, что порождаемые "либеральными" и "прогрессивными" партиями надежды имеют большую привлекательность и приносят больше успеха, чем природный скептицизм консерваторов. Как сказал политический обозреватель и редактор Конрад Адам: "Скептицизм - это отношение, а не программа".

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