问题在于集权,不在于伊斯兰教

普林斯顿—伊斯兰教从根本上与民主不相容吗?一次又一次,发生的事件迫使我们作此之问。而这个问题与其说让我们更明白,不如说让我们更困惑。

土耳其、埃及和突尼斯是非常不同的国家,但有一点是相同的,他们都有伊斯兰政府(至少在埃及最新事件之前是如此)。这些政府或多或少拖累了它们的民主性质——不能保护公民权和人权,对示威者采取强硬措施。尽管伊斯兰领导者一再做出保证,但并没有表现出对除选票箱之外的民主的兴趣。

因此那些认为推翻埃及总统穆尔西是合理的人倒也不无道理。穆斯林兄弟会的统治变得日渐集权,践踏了2011年推翻前总统穆巴拉克的解放广场革命的理想和渴望。

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