Пробуждение Ближнего Востока

БЕРЛИН. Когда демократическое восстание в Тунисе успешно свергло старый режим, мир отреагировал удивлением. Демократия снизу в арабском мире?

После свержения 30-летнего режима Хосни Мубарака в Египте, в сердце Ближнего Востока, удивление сменилось уверенностью. Ближний Восток проснулся и начал входить в глобализованный мир двадцать первого века. До сих пор регион (за исключением Израиля и Турции) не обращал особого внимания на эпохальный процесс модернизации во всем мире.

Действительно ли пробуждение арабского и более широкого исламского мира одержит верх, или оно только приведет к изменениям в верхушке авторитарных режимов; приведет ли оно к стабильному порядку или длительному хаосу и радикализации, по-прежнему остается неясным. Тем не менее, одна вещь уже ясна: эпоха, когда этот обширный регион спал, в то время как другие модернизировались, уже закончилась.

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