中东的觉醒

发自柏林——当突尼斯民主革命成功推翻了旧政权之时,整个世界都为之震惊不已:莫非由下至上的阿拉伯民主时代已经降临了?

这股浪潮随后蔓延到位处中东心脏地带的埃及,胡斯尼·穆巴拉克30年统治的垮台使所有的震惊都转化成了确信。中东已然觉醒并着手投身到21世纪的全球化世界当中。事实上,迄今为止该区域国家(以色列和土耳其除外)都在某种程度上与宏伟的现代化进程脱节了。

但阿拉伯地区或更广大伊斯兰世界的民主觉醒是否只是一场高层政权更替,而最终实现的是稳定的秩序还是持续的混乱和极端主义化,这些都是未知之数。但有一点可以确定:那个全球现代化唯独中东沉睡的时代已经过去了。

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