墨西哥的浑浑噩噩

墨西哥城-本月,墨西哥的费利佩·卡尔德龙将庆祝其担任总统两周年。卡尔德龙于2006年12月在不利的情况下就职。他以35%的选票当选,没有在议会取得多数席位,并且反对党拒绝承认他的选举胜利。他也不得不在持续困难的环境下管理国家:邻国美国即将离任的总统,严重的经济下滑以及从1968年以来其前任流传下来的腐败、失职和共谋的后遗症——从1968年开始,墨西哥旧的一党政治体制开始解体。

当选后,卡尔德龙不得不立即关注其直接前任没有进行墨西哥所需的重大改革的失败。文森特·福克斯在2000年带着许多使命就职,但是,和卡尔德龙一样,他在议会中也不拥有多数席位。事实证明福克斯无法缔造持久的立法联盟,这使卡尔德龙觉得,他对过去的第一个突破应该是建立联盟来制定法律进行改革。但是,很快,这本身变成了目的,并且卡尔德龙为在对很大程度上不合逻辑的改革建立短期的联盟上,表现得很拿手。这种打折的渐进主义已经成了他的标志。

有鉴于此,对卡尔德龙政府的问号清单比他取得的成就的清单要长,就没什么好惊奇的了。他的民意测验数据反映了这种矛盾的心态。他个人仍然很受欢迎,并且深受尊敬,但是,公众越来越对其政府的实际表现感到不满和失望了。

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