Paul Lachine

El milagro de Mauricio

NUEVA YORK – Supongamos que alguien describiera un pequeño país que da educación gratuita hasta el nivel universitario a todos sus ciudadanos, transporte escolar para los niños y atención a la salud sin costo –incluyendo operaciones del corazón—para todos. Podría pensarse que ese país o es increíblemente rico, o va en camino de una crisis fiscal.

Después de todo, los países ricos de Europa se dan cuenta cada vez más de que no pueden costear la educación universitaria y están pidiendo a los jóvenes y sus familias que asuman los gastos. Por su parte, los Estados Unidos nunca han intentado ofrecer educación universitaria gratuita para todos y fue necesaria una amarga batalla para asegurar que los estadounidenses pobres tuvieran acceso a la atención a la salud –una garantía que el partido republicano está esforzándose ahora por derogar, con el argumento de que el país no puede pagarlo.

Pero Mauricio, una pequeña nación isleña en la costa oriental de África no es particularmente rica ni se dirige a la ruina presupuestal. No obstante, en las últimas décadas se ha dedicado a construir con éxito una economía diversificada, un sistema político democrático y una sólida red de seguridad social. Muchos países, entre ellos los Estados Unidos, podrían aprender de sus experiencias.

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