Paul Lachine

Mauricijský zázrak

NEW YORK – Představme si, že by někdo chtěl popsat malou zemi, která zajišťuje bezplatné univerzitní vzdělání všem svým občanům, dopravu pro školáky a zdravotní péči – včetně operace srdce – pro všechny zdarma. Mohl by vzniknout dojem, že taková země je buď nesmírně bohatá, anebo na rychlé cestě k fiskální krizi.

Vždyť bohaté země v Evropě čím dál naléhavěji zjišťují, že univerzitní vzdělávání platit nedokážou a od mladých lidí a jejich rodin žádají, aby si náklady hradili. Spojené státy se nikdy ani nepokusily poskytovat bezplatné vysokoškolské vzdělání všem a zajištění dostupnosti zdravotnictví pro americké chudé se neobešlo bez líté bitvy – a Republikánská strana se teď právě tuto záruku ze všech sil snaží odstranit a tvrdí, že si ji země nemůže dovolit.

Mauricius, malý ostrovní stát u východního pobřeží Afriky, ovšem není ani obzvlášť bohatý, ani nesměřuje k rozpočtovému ztroskotání. Strávil nicméně poslední dekády úspěšným budováním rozmanité ekonomiky, demokratického politického systému a zároveň pevné sociální záchranné sítě. Z jeho zkušeností by se mohla poučit řada zemí, v neposlední řadě USA.

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