Malajsijský zázrak

Na 31. srpen připadlo 50. výročí malajsijské merdeky : nezávislosti po více než 400 letech kolonialismu. Malajsijský mírový, nenásilný zápas si sice nezískal tolik pozornosti jako úsilí Mahátmy Gándhího v Indii, ale úspěchy, jichž Malajsie od té doby dosáhla, jsou působivé – a svět se z nich může ledasčemu naučit, jak o ekonomice, tak o budování živé multirasové, multietnické a multikulturní společnosti.

Mnoho říkají už samotná čísla. Při získání nezávislosti byla Malajsie jednou z nejchudších zemí na světě. Třebaže sehnat spolehlivá data je těžké, její HDP (vzhledem k paritě kupní síly) byl srovnatelný s HDP Haiti, Hondurasu a Egypta a asi o 5% nižší než v Ghaně. Dnes je malajsijský národní důchod 7,8krát vyšší než ghanský, víc než pětinásobný oproti Hondurasu a víc než 2,5krát převyšuje důchod Egypta. V tabulkách globální růstové ligy je Malajsie v nejvyšší třídě, společně s Čínou, Tchaj-wanem, Jižní Koreou a Thajskem.

Navíc se přínosy růstu sdílejí. Nejzávažnější bída by měla být odstraněna do roku 2010, přičemž celková míra chudoby klesne na 2,8%. Malajsii se zdařilo výrazně snížit příjmové propasti oddělující různé etnické skupiny, a to nikoliv sražením těch nahoře, nýbrž vyzvednutím těch dole.

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