Paul Lachine

В чем причина торгового дефицита Китая

ПЕКИН. В Китае по итогам марта зарегистрирован дефицит торгового баланса в 7,2 миллиарда долларов, это первый с апреля 2004 года. Однако, примерно в то же время, Конгресс Соединенных Штатов выступил с самым громким обращением, в котором Китай классифицируется как манипулятор с валютными курсами и в котором китайские лидеры обвиняются в искусственном поддержании курса юаня к доллару, который гарантирует постоянный двусторонний торговый профицит.

Торговый дефицит Китая в марте указывает, прежде всего, на то, что заявление о том, что экономический рост Китая зависит в основном от экспорта, является неверным. Экспорт является важной частью китайской экономики, и любое колебание рынка и внешние потрясения, конечно, повлияют на общий экономический рост. Но, как и любая другая экономика, экономика Китая зависит от внутреннего потребления и инвестиций.

Действительно, китайский экспорт упал на 16% в годовом исчислении в 2009 году из-за мирового финансового кризиса и рецессии. Тем не менее, годовой ВВП вырос на 8,7%, благодаря росту потребления на 16% (измеряется валовой суммой продаж потребительских товаров) и увеличению на 33% спроса на долгосрочные капиталовложения.

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