人力工作的终结者

对于工作的不安全感是我们这个时代的显著特征。有两种忧虑时常困扰我们:全球化-它使工作机会转移到更穷的地区;计算机技术-它可以完全剥夺我们的工作机会。

这些忧虑笼罩着不同收入,年龄和国家的人们。墨西哥对被中国抢了饭碗的事实耿耿于怀,这说明新兴国家人们的日子并不比发达国家的人好过。作为回应,政治家们提出了林林总总的再就业培训或教育计划,但都不足以应对长期性的问题。

对于全球化和计算机技术革命的担忧最终都可以归结到一点,因为全球化在很大程度上是新信息技术发展的结果。计算机和互联网使我们可以几乎没有成本地传输资讯,进行跨文化和跨国度的商务往来。

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