非正规经济的逻辑

坎布里奇——“非正规”经济的阴霾困扰着发展中国家经济。有人说非正规部门包括所有未在当局注册的企业。还有人说非正规企业可以避税。国际劳工组织的定义是不在劳动法管辖范围内的小型企业。

抛开定义不谈,众多经济学家和决策者关注的是发展中国家企业的规模分布拖着长长的尾巴。相比于发达国家,除少数高效大型企业外,发展中国家的低效小型企业异乎寻常的多

在标准经济推理中这象征着效率低下。如果低效小企业倒闭后工人被高效大企业雇佣,总产量和生活水平都会提高。无形的市场之手本该不费吹灰之力做到这一点,因为高效企业能低价制造出更好的产品,并以高薪吸引工人。

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