O sofrimento da Europa sem nenhum benefício

VITORIA-GASTEIZ – Numa entrevista recente, o presidente francês François Hollande referiu a crucial, mas muitas vezes esquecida, questão de que há limites para o nível de sacrifício que pode ser exigido aos cidadãos dos países do Sul da Europa, com dificuldades financeiras. Para evitar transformar a Grécia, Portugal e Espanha em “prisões” colectivas, Hollande concluiu que as pessoas precisam de ver esperança para lá do horizonte repleto de cortes orçamentais e de medidas de austeridade, que se afasta cada vez mais.

Até mesmo o conhecimento mais rudimentar de psicologia apoia a opinião de Hollande. Um reforço negativo e uma gratificação atrasada têm poucas probabilidades de alcançarem os seus objectivos, a menos que haja uma luz visível ao fundo do túnel - uma recompensa no futuro pelos sacrifícios do presente.

O pessimismo geral no Sul da Europa é atribuído principalmente à ausência de tal recompensa. Enquanto a falta de confiança do consumidor e a perda de poder de compra das famílias se intensificam com a recessão, as projecções do fim da crise são repetidamente repelidas e aqueles que suportam a austeridade estão a perder a esperança.

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