Внешние силы в политике Ливана

В последние несколько недель ливанские политики, принадлежащие к таким различным группам как движение "«Хезболлах»" и христианское движение "Ливанские силы", периодически встречались друг с другом в ходе процесса, получившего название «национального диалога». Их главной целью является достижение консенсуса относительно будущего Ливана после вывода из страны в прошлом году сирийских войск. Но этот диалог продемонстрировал, в какой степени ливанская политика продолжает формироваться под влиянием внешних сил.

Сирийский режим президента Башара Ассада сохраняет огромное влияние на основные рычаги ливанского государства, включая силы безопасности и разведку, армию и систему правосудия, не говоря уже об альянсе с могущественной военизированной группировкой «Хезболлах». Хотя сирийские солдаты и покинули страну год назад, режим Ассада так и не смирился с уходом из Ливана и старается снова установить некоторую форму гегемонии над этой страной.

Положение Сирии усложняется текущим расследованием ООН, которая обвиняет Сирию в причастности к убийству бывшего премьер-министра Рафика Харири 14-го февраля 2005 года. В то время как союзники Сирии в Ливане призывают к улучшению отношений между двумя странами, убийство Харири ставит под сомнение возможность такого улучшения. На сегодняшний день ливанские политические партии договорились не допустить использование территории их страны как базы для любых угроз сирийскому режиму.

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