Chris Van Es

Непрекращающееся нанесение ущерба Ираку

МАДРИД. Спуск американского флага в Ираке на фоне краха системы общественной безопасности и тяжелого кризиса в хрупком политическом порядке страны отмечает трагическую главу в истории Соединенных Штатов. Она ознаменовала развязку одного из самых ярких случаев крайнего имперского вмешательства, которое бывший американский сенатор Уильям Фулбрайт назвал «высокомерием силы».

Разрываемый на части жестокой религиозной и этнической враждой Ирак не в состоянии играть свою роль в задуманной Америкой арабской стене, сдерживающей Иран. До тех пор пока иранский режим из раза в раз унижают в ходе его противостояния Западу из-за его ядерной программы, более вероятным сценарием будет скорее шиитский Ирак, перемещающийся все ближе к стратегической орбите Ирана, нежели становящийся частью региональных конструкций Америки.

После десяти лет войны, более ста тысяч жертв, в основном среди иракцев, а также астрономических затрат почти в 1 триллион долларов США оставляют Ирак, который не стал ни более безопасным, ни более демократичным. Однако это одна из самых коррумпированных стран в мире (175 место из 178, по данным организации Transparency International). Война, которая должна была стать центральным столпом в попытке реструктуризации Ближнего Востока под руководством Америки, завершилась заметным снижением ее влияния в этом регионе.

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