哥伦比亚的屠杀

被哥伦比亚革命武装部队(FARC)民兵扣为人质的11名地方立法委员惨遭杀害使人们想起了那个国家永久的痛。但奇怪的是,哥伦比亚今天的局势比以往若干年都好,而这应该感谢阿尔瓦罗·乌里韦·贝莱斯(Alvaro Uribe)总统领导有方。

当然,正如这次谋杀所显示的,哥伦比亚在很多方面仍然十分怪异,不得不去面对奇怪而又棘手的挑战。有些被绑人质已经被哥伦比亚革命武装部队(FARC)民兵关押了多年。准军事组织依然在吸收未成年战士,媒体也曾披露过哥伦比亚政客与毒品大鳄妥协的录像资料。但最奇怪的也许是,被监禁的民兵拒绝获释出狱,而政府却不惜违反他们的意愿,坚持要给他们自由。

短短1年多以前,乌里韦凭借压倒性票数再次当选,这不仅因为与民兵和国内一般武装力量斗争的“民主安全”政策具有广泛的群众基础,还因为上述政策确实行之有效。拉丁美洲历史最为悠久的两党制度在那次选举中被摧毁,标志是民主变革中心党(Polo Democrático)的总统候选人比自由党(Liberal Party)竞争者赢得了更多的选票,从而最终赋予了从未在投票箱旁看到过变革潜力的左翼势力通过选举表达自己的机会,而在此之前,他们宁愿选择在深山里打游击。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/GZaIf0N/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now