Nepotlačitelná 30. léta

LONDÝN – Právě ukončená schůzka G20 vamp#160;Soulu se rozešla bez dohody vamp#160;oblasti měn i obchodu. Čína a Spojené státy se vzájemně obviňovaly ze záměrné manipulace svých měn ve snaze získat obchodní výhodu. Rozhovory o globálním obchodu započaté vamp#160;Dauhá zůstávají u ledu. A vprostřed řečí o „rizicích“ nových měnových a obchodních válek tyto války už propukly.

Takže navzdory přísahám globálních lídrů o opaku se zdá, že co nevidět ožije děsivý protekcionistický precedent 30.amp#160;let 20. století. Obchodní válku tehdejší dekády zahájily USA roku 1930 clem zamp#160;dílny Smoot-Hawley. Britové úder opětovali pomocí zákona o dovozních clech zamp#160;roku 1932, po němž následoval systém celní ochrany uvnitř britského impéria. Světová ekonomika se zakrátko proměnila vamp#160;houštinu obchodních bariér.

První výstřel vamp#160;měnové válce 30.amp#160;let přišel ze strany Británie, když vamp#160;září 1931 odstoupila od zlatého standardu. USA provedly odvetu tím, že zlatý standard opustily vamp#160;dubnu 1933. Nejprve se libra propadla vůči dolaru, pak dolar vůči libře.

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