Ирландцы вновь размышляют над Лиссабонским договором

МЭЙНУТ, ИРЛАНДИЯ – В течение нескольких месяцев Европейский союз терзали экономические штормы, которые сегодня представляют серьезную угрозу длительной рецессии по всей Европе. Но, несмотря на то, что на первый план вышли банки и финансы, конституционная проблема ЕС все еще довольно остра.

Отказ Ирландии ратифицировать Лиссабонский договор в июне, погрузил ЕС в очередной этап неуверенности относительно будущего Союза. Сегодня, в преддверии саммита Европейского совета, который состоится 11-12 декабря, все ждут того, что ирландский премьер-министр Брайен Кауэн предоставит четкий стратегический план ирландского решения конституционной дилеммы ЕС.

Прагматики признают, что кризис ратификации, воцарившийся после ирландского отказа от Лиссабонского договора, перерос в более широкую европейскую проблему. «Нет» Ирландии придало смелости евроскептикам в других государствах-членах Союза, не в последнюю очередь оно помогло и вспыльчивому чешскому президенту Вацлаву Клаусу, который дал понять, что может отказаться подписать Лиссабонский договор до тех пор, пока его не ратифицирует Ирландия. Учитывая, что с 1 января 2009 года Чехия будет президентствовать в ЕС, есть определенные опасения относительно того, что Клаус будет использовать свою позицию главы чешского государства, чтобы попытаться саботировать усилия по спасению Лиссабонского договора.

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