Le syndrome interventionniste

Le Kosovo joue souvent le rôle de conflit-test pour le concept d'intervention “humanitaire.” Mais alors que l'Irak entre dans la spirale du chaos, les diplomates et les dirigeants de toutes nationalités se demandent à nouveau s'il est approprié pour des alliances de nations ou pour la communauté internationale d'intervenir lorsqu'un pays souverain paraît incapable ou peu disposé à défendre ses citoyens contre des génocides, des crimes de guerre ou une épuration ethnique.

Au centre de ce débat se trouve la prétendue doctrine de la “responsabilité de protection.” En tant que médiateur au Kosovo nommé par les Nations-unies ces cinq dernières années, j'ai eu l'occasion unique d'observer les effets de cette doctrine après l'intervention de l'OTAN dans l'ancienne Yougoslavie en 1999. Le Kosovo est ainsi devenu une expérience internationale de construction de société, menée par la Mission administrative par intérim de l'ONU au Kosovo (UNMIK).

Expérience est le mot juste ici. En effet, le Kosovo s'est transformé en tube à essai de l'intervention internationale. J'ai vécu et travaillé assez longtemps au Kosovo pour constater le résultat, et je prétends que de telles expériences nécessitent des recherches plus approfondies.

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