Nerovnost jako velká neznámá

DAVOS – V severní Africe se nadále odvíjejí tamní dramatické události a mnozí pozorovatelé mimo arabský svět si domýšlivě říkají, že se to celé týká jen korupce a politické represe. Jenže významným faktorem jsou také vysoká nezaměstnanost, křiklavá nerovnost a vystřelující ceny základních komodit. Je tedy na místě nejen se ptát, kam až se podobné události v regionu rozšíří, ale také si klást otázku, jaké změny mohou být na spadnutí doma, vyvolány podobnými, byť ne tak krajně vypjatými ekonomickými tlaky.

Nerovnost příjmů, bohatství i příležitostí je uvnitř států zřejmě silnější než kdykoli během minulého století. Napříč Evropou, Asií i Amerikami jsou korporace napěchované penězi, jak si neochabující snahou o efektivitu nadále vydělávají obří zisky. Podíl koláče připadající na pracující se však zmenšuje, vlivem vysoké nezaměstnanosti, zkrácené pracovní doby a stagnujících mezd.

Mezistátní ukazatele nerovnosti příjmů a bohatství paradoxně klesají, díky pokračujícímu masivnímu růstu na rozvíjejících se trzích. Většinu lidí ale mnohem víc pálí to, jak se jim daří ve srovnání se sousedy než ve srovnání s občany vzdálených zemí.

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