La crisi ideologica del capitalismo occidentale

NEW YORK – Solo qualche anno fa, un’influente ideologia – che sosteneva il libero mercato senza vincoli – portò il mondo alla rovina. Anche nel suo periodo di massimo splendore, cioè dall’inizio degli anni 80 fino al 2007, il capitalismo deregolamentato in stile americano portò enorme benessere materiale solamente alle persone più facoltose dei paesi ricchi del mondo. In realtà, durante la supremazia trentennale di questa ideologia, la maggior parte degli americani ha visto i propri redditi ridursi o stagnarsi anno dopo anno.

La crescita della produzione negli Stati Uniti non è andata di pari passo con la sostenibilità economica. Con un’enorme fetta del reddito nazionale americano riservato a pochi eletti, la crescita poteva persistere solamente puntando su consumi sostenuti da una montagna di debiti.

Ero, io stesso, tra i convinti assertori che la crisi finanziaria avrebbe insegnato agli americani (e non solo) l’esigenza di una maggiore uguaglianza, una regolamentazione più forte e un migliore equilibrio tra mercato e governo. Ma ahimè, le cose non sono andate così. La rinascita di un’economia influenzata dalla destra, spinta come sempre dall’ideologia e da interessi egoistici, minaccia nuovamente l’economia globale – o almeno le economie di Europa e America, dove queste idee continuano a proliferare.

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