Klinika identity

„Staň se tím, kým jsi," napsal filozof Friedrich Nietzsche. O sto let později si miliony lidí berou Nietzscheho radu k srdci. Namísto obratu k filozofii však užívají léky a podstupují chirurgické zákroky.

„S paxilem se znovu cítím sama sebou," říká žena v reklamách na antidepresivum tohoto jména; podobně se asi cítí uživatelé prozaku, ritalinu, botoxu, propecie, xenicalu či anabolických steroidů, stejně jako lidé podstupující plastické operace, hormonální terapie nebo operace na změnu pohlaví. Přestože tito lidé procházejí drastickou sebetransformací, mění svou osobnost psychoaktivními léky a svá těla chirurgickými zákroky, hovoří o vlastní proměně jako o procesu, při němž se stávají „tím, kým opravdu jsou".

„Jen díky užívání steroidů," píše kulturista Samuel Fussell, „jsem navenek vypadal stejně, jako jsem se cítil uvnitř. Jan Morris zase píše, že díky operaci na změnu pohlaví „jsem konečně dosáhl Identity". Kdyby dnes žil Nietzsche, možná by propagoval antidepresiva firmy Pfizer.

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