Hodina technokratů

CAMBRIDGE – Řecko a Itálie, země, které se ocitly v zoufalé situaci, když kvůli bezvýchodným politickým systémům zabředly do bažiny dluhů a krize, si do čela nových vlád nezvolily politiky, nýbrž technokratické ekonomy – Lucase Papademose a Maria Montiho. Oba lze označit za akademiky: Monti působil jako prezident milánské Bocconiho univerzity a také jako evropský komisař, zatímco Papademos byl poté, co mu vypršelo funkční období viceguvernéra Evropské centrální banky, rok mým kolegou na Kennedyho škole státní správy při Harvardově univerzitě.

Nepotrvá dlouho a oba muži si pravděpodobně vyslouží titulky jako „Profesoři mají jedničku z ekonomie, ale z politiky propadají“. Bude to nefér. Nebude je totiž brzdit absence politických schopností, nýbrž absence politické moci.

Monti sice získal pro svou technokratickou vládu silnou podporu veřejnosti, ale nedisponuje parlamentní většinou, o kterou by se mohl opřít. Bývalý premiér Silvio Berlusconi dal navíc jasně najevo, že neobětuje své osobní politické zájmy pro dobro země.

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