Coûteuse dépression

Selon une étude de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé, la dépression est le quatrième problème sanitaire mondial. Il est mesuré en fonction du nombre d’années de bonne santé perdues suite à cette maladie. D’ici 2020, il est probable qu’elle aura atteint la deuxième place, derrière les maladies cardiaques. Et pourtant, les mesures nécessaires pour la prévenir ou la soigner ne sont pas prises.

Cette étude, menée par Saba Moussavi et publiée le mois dernier dans The Lancet , révèle aussi que la dépression a davantage d’impact sur la santé physique de ceux qui en souffrent que de grandes maladies chroniques comme l’angine, le diabète, l’arthrite et l’asthme. Pourtant, dans le même numéro de The Lancet , Gavin Andrews et Nickolai Titov, chercheurs à l’université de New South Wales, rapportent que les malades souffrant de dépression sont bien moins susceptibles de recevoir un niveau de soins acceptable que des patients atteints d’arthrite ou d’asthme. Ce schéma coïncide avec des rapports issus d’autres nations développées.

Traiter la dépression est souvent efficace, même si ce n’est pas toujours le cas. Sans traitement, les personnes atteintes ne peuvent mener des vies heureuses et épanouissantes. Mais même en termes étroits de rapport coûts-bénéfices, il vaut la peine de dépenser davantage pour soigner la dépression.

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