金钱的隐性成本

普林斯顿 - 当人们说“金钱是一切罪恶的根源”的时候,他们通常不是指金钱本身是罪恶的根源。人们是热爱金钱的,即使最早说这句话的Saint Paul也不例外。不管我们对金钱是否贪婪,金钱本身是否可能是个问题呢?

卡尔·马克思是这么认为的。马克思在他年轻时代所写的《1844年经济学哲学手稿》这一到二十世纪中叶才得以出版并被世人知晓的书中,把金钱描述为“放之四海而皆准的分离制造者”,因为金钱把人的特性改变为它物。马克思写道,一个人或许长得很丑,但如果他有钱,那就可以买到“最美的女子”。也就是说,如果没有钱,要做到这点,他就需要一些更正面的个人的素质。马克思认为,金钱使我们脱离人类真实的本性,使我们疏远他人。

马克思曾预言,劳动人民的革命可以带来一个新时代,在这样的时代中每个人的生活将变得更美好。而当大家认识到这一预言显而易见的错误之后,他的威望便跌落了。因此,如果他只是在说金钱的分离作用,我们或许可以把这一说法当作其错误理论的一个部分将之随意抛弃。但是《科学》杂志在2006年刊登的Kathleen Vohs、Nicole Mead和Miranda Goode三人的研究报告认为,至少在这一点上,马克思说的不无道理。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/qXgPXri/zh;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.