La trampa de la armonía

Existe un sentimiento generalizado de que la integración europea se está moviendo hacia los lados, si no es que hacia atrás. Pero al menos en un campo se han logrado avances reales: los esfuerzos de la Comisión a fin de construir un mercado único para los servicios financieros.

Un ambicioso Plan de Acción para los Servicios Financieros (lanzado en 1999 con el objetivo de alcanzar un mercado al mayoreo único, mercados al menudeo abiertos y seguros, y normas cautelares y supervisión de avanzada) incluía 42 medidas que debían implementarse entre 2003 y 2005. Después de un lento arranque, se han logrado avances rápidos: se han adoptado formalmente 36 medidas que incluyen directrices importantes sobre abuso de los mercados, folletos, garantías financieras, mercadeo a distancia, esquemas colectivos de inversión y un conjunto común de estándares internacionales de contabilidad para las cuentas consolidadas de todas las empresas que cotizan en las bolsas de valores.

Se ha alcanzado una posición común sobre otras cuatro medidas, que incluyen directrices sobre servicios de inversión, transparencia y fusiones. También se ha dado un salto institucional hacia adelante con la adopción del llamado método Lamfalussy para la adopción rápida de las medidas y la aprobación de un comité de reguladores europeos.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now