Чудо острова Гаити?

Весенние президентские выборы на Гаити, к сожалению, подтвердили репутацию этой страны как чрезвычайно бедной. Парадокс заключается в том, что сегодня у острова Гаити есть шанс, возможно, самый верный за всю его современную историю, выйти из длительного периода крайней бедности и беспорядков.

Находясь всего лишь в часе перелёта от Майами, эта страна борется с уровнем бедности, сравнимым с беднейшими регионами пустыни Сахары. Но в то время как многие районы мира крайне бедны из-за своей изоляции, остров Гаити очень беден вопреки своей близости к крупнейшему рынку мира. Сейчас Гаити может превратить своё географическое положение в конкурентоспособное преимущество, но только при помощи Соединённых Штатов.

На Гаити вспоминают известную жалобную поговорку о другом соседе США - Мексике: «Так далеко от бога и так близко к Соединённым Штатам». Как и в случае с Мексикой, близость острова Гаити к США отразилась в его истории двояко. Близость к США должна, конечно, быть преимуществом для экспорта и привлечения инвестиций.

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