Америка, которой нам не хватает

БЕРЛИН – Мадлен Олбрайт, бывший госсекретарь США, однажды назвала Соединенные Штаты «незаменимой нацией». Текущие события во всем мире доказывают ее правоту. Однако практически все доказательства идут от противного: сегодня важность Америки становится очевидной благодаря отсутствию ее лидерства в существующих кризисах ‑ отсутствию, которое наиболее очевидно в Сирии.

Фактически, постамериканский мир складывается на наших глазах, характеризуясь не новым международным порядком, а политической неопределенностью, нестабильностью и даже хаосом. Это печально и может обернуться такими опасностями, что даже самые ярые противники США теперь уже стремятся к возвращению к американской эпохе и США в роли глобальной силы обеспечения правопорядка.

Как субъективно, так и объективно, США больше не желают, да и не могут играть эту роль. Тому существует много причин: десятилетие войн на большом Ближнем Востоке, с огромной ценой «крови и средств»; финансово-экономический кризис; высокий государственный долг; переориентация на внутренние проблемы; а также новый акцент на тихоокеанские вопросы. Прибавьте к этому относительный спад Америки по отношению к восхождению Китая и других крупных развивающихся стран.

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