Экологизация Буша

Соединенные Штаты в экологическом аспекте обычно воспринимаются как отстающие, а президент Джордж Буш рассматривается в качестве некого главаря банды преднамеренных загрязнителей окружающей среды, которые делают все, что в их силах, чтобы препятствовать глобальному движению по защите окружающей среды. Несомненно, в данной характеристике Америки есть некоторая доля правды (и довольно многое является правдой о Буше), но не все так мрачно.

Действительно, движение за экологию – как и большинство современных социальных движений – зародилось в США. Корни «экологического движения Америки» лежат в девятнадцатом столетии, когда ущерб от индустриальной революции и дробление природного ландшафта правом на частную собственность и имущество впервые стали очевидными.

Но в 1962 году биологом Рэйчел Карсон была опубликована книга « Тихая Весна » – дискуссия, направленная против использования пестицидов в сельском хозяйстве – которая и послужила толчком к появлению современного движения за экологию. Карсон придала огласке данные, полученные во время научных исследований, а также высказала принципиальные опасения относительно потребительского капитализма и «пост-материалистической» вере в главенство качества жизни по экономическому росту. Вскоре по следам Карсон поколение шестидесятых “Woodstock”, с его Земными Днями, начало организовывать широкую кампанию, которая в апреле 1970 года собрала на улицах приблизительно 20 миллионов американцев, чтобы защитить окружающую среду.

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