La conversion forcée de Bush à l’écologie

Les Etats-Unis sont en général perçus comme les bons derniers de la classe au plan écologique et le président George W. Bush comme le chef d’une bande de pollueurs prêts à tout pour entraver une action globale de protection de l’environnement. Bien sûr, cette perception n’est pas entièrement fausse (et même plutôt exacte en ce qui concerne Bush), mais le tableau n’est pas uniformément sombre.

Le mouvement de défense de l’environnement – comme la plupart des mouvements sociaux modernes – trouve ses racines aux Etats-Unis. L’origine du mouvement environnementaliste américain remonte au XIXe siècle, lorsque sont apparus les premiers dégâts causés par la révolution industrielle et le morcellement du paysage naturel en exploitations privées.

L’émergence du mouvement écologique moderne peut toutefois être datée de la publication en 1962 du livre de la biologiste Rachel Carson, Silent Spring (Le printemps silencieux), un plaidoyer contre l’utilisation des pesticides dans l’agriculture. Tout en s’appuyant sur des données scientifiques, elle se faisait également l’écho des craintes profondes concernant le capitalisme consumériste et de la croyance « post-matérialiste » en la primauté de la qualité de la vie sur la croissance économique. Dans le sillage de Carson, une campagne menée par la génération « Woodstock » des années 60, avec les Jours de la Terre, débouchait sur une manifestation de 20 millions d’Américains en avril 1970 en faveur de la protection de l’environnement.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/SSYDi2e/fr;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now