Margaret Scott

El fin de la Gran Guerra en Siria

NUEVA DELHI – Mientras Occidente se prepara para conmemorar el centenario del inicio de la Primera Guerra Mundial en 1914, Oriente Próximo se encuentra más convulso que nunca antes por el legado de la disolución del Imperio Otomano. Basta con dirigir la mirada a Siria, donde parte de ese legado (el Tratado Sykes-Picot, que dividió el Levante entre las esferas de influencia británica y francesa incluso cuando la Gran Guerra seguía su curso) está llegando a un final brutalmente violento.

De manera similar, los disturbios que se viven en Turquía son, al menos en parte, consecuencia del enfoque exageradamente “neo-otomano” del gobierno del Primer Ministro Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Por intentar establecer el tipo de influencia regional que los turcos no han tenido desde que Kemal Ataturk fundara la República de Turquía, Erdogan ha caído en algunos de los pecados de arrogancia del régimen otomano.

Por supuesto, el Levante ha sido escenario de incontables conflictos a lo largo de los siglos. Sir Archibald Wavell, uno de los más grandes generales británicos de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y penúltimo Virrey de la India, escribió en su biografía del Mariscal de Campo de la Primera Guerra Mundial Edmund Allenby, que dirigió a los Aliados en el Levante: “La mayor proeza de la historia de la caballería montada, y posiblemente su último éxito a gran escala, ha acabado a corta distancia del campo de batalla de Issos, donde Alejandro el Grande demostrara por vez primera cómo se podían ganar las batallas.”

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now